Simply put, elastomeric materials is the title given to materials which harbour rubberised or elastic properties. They are graded depending on their material structure and material hardness. Different grades of elastomeric materials can be for different applications. The key to using the correct material for the job relies on understanding the properties of each individual elastomeric material. Some are more suited for building applications, whereas others could be used in manufacturing, around the house and even in the kitchen.
Foam and sponge
Foam and sponge are elastomeric materials which can be used in construction in filtration systems or in insulation. Sponge is also used in upholstery and for the application of cosmetics. Because both foam and sponge demonstrate similar cellular structures they are usually grouped together. However, the production of them is different. Foam is an open-celled product, whereas sponge is rubber-based and differs in qualities depending on its individual chemical formula.
Silicone based rubbers
Silicone has many uses, from bakeware to textile production https://sehsc.americanchemistry.com/sehsc/Silicone-Uses/. Silicone rubber is created using silicone, which is a polymer, and has added hydrogen, carbon and oxygen. It can withstand a wide range of temperatures, meaning it can be used in many applications. One of which is silicone hoses. Silicone hose manufacturers are no doubt impressed by the material’s flexibility both in terms of application but also in material structure. In its uncured state it can be used as an adhesive. Once cured either through condensation or by using a peroxide or platinum complex catalyst it becomes inert, making it suitable even for surgical applications.
Any silicone hose manufacturers such as Good Flex Rubber understands the importance of using this versatile material, producing air hoses and coolant hoses, superflex hoses and even contact cleaning hoses on their manufacturing premises.
Cork and rubber
Cork and rubber can be used in metal upon metal applications to prevent the metals from wearing against each other. For this reason, you’ll find many rubber elements in the joints of motor vehicles. Cork can be used in a similar way and has the bonus of being much less expensive to produce than rubber. It can also be used as a filler in the expansion of wooden flooring to help it fit tightly against skirting boards. Cork/rubber combinations are much less prone to fatigue, which makes them a useful material for many applications.